湃 新 记 钱雪儿

As one of the most populated areas in the world, île-de-frans, the historical French region, which is in Paris, is still a major city and architectural renovation. In the West Bank Art Museum and Pompidu Center Five-Year Exhibition Chen Cooperation Project Exhibition “Paris Building (1948-2020): The Witness of Urban Processes” can see these scales, style and quality of architectural practice and programs . It is worth mentioning that “Greater Paris” in the English name is the evolution of “Greater Paris” in the English name) to Paris, from the Single Center City, in this process, architects found Exhibition of land.

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

On the occasion of the exhibition, the Curator, Pompidu Center France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center, Architectural Design Department, Museum, Olivier Cinqualbre, Assistant Cecrection · Zeynep Aygün accepted an exclusive interview with “新闻 新 · 艺operative comment”.

Two curator said that whether it is French native or foreign architects, the quality of these works makes them “Paris” and continues to give them their identity for this city. As the first episode of the country’s first scratzal angle, the Art Museum of the International City Development Process, Shanghai West Bank Art Museum hopes to renew the local boom by “Paris” in the context of cross-border and interculture With the construction of the building, this is also a reference for the same as the international city. Perhaps it is also a reference, trying to trigger the exploration “What kind of city is good city.”

“Paris Architecture 1948-2020: The Witness of the City Process” West Bank Art Museum Exhibition Site

Today’s urban landscape in Paris can be traced back to the middle of the 19th century. During Napoleon II, Chief Officer, Baron Osman, presided over the Paris Reconstruction Program, replaced some medieval streets, to reshape some regional regions of the city based on line and geometry accuracy, after the completion of the renovation, Paris formed a single The center, radial transportation network, the main axis and the Senna River parallel. This transformation made Paris to a modern city from the medieval town, but also caused serious damage to the ancient historic buildings and urban features of Paris. At the same time, the urban space has a sharp pressure in the population. This dilemma has become sharp after World War II, the housing problem has become the most pressing problem in Paris, and the urban function of the old town is so embarrassing Paris.

Meroji Design Letter Muran Center Club

14 sets of single-family residential buildings

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

At first, the architect found their “test field” in the suburbs. Andrie Bruyère, in the suburbs of Paris, Mulan Meroji, is the earliest work in the exhibition “Paris Building”. This trauma rehabilitation center was built in 1948, including the theater, entertainment rooms and libraries. When a large number of Paris residents are difficult to maintain a decent life in a shantytone or monotonous board house, Bruyer hopes to inject more in his project. Many human care. Jean Prouvé built 14 sets of unique home in Mudong, hoping to “build a temporary home for a generation”, as he is expected, and today, this ideal temporary home is still Stand stand.

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

In the 1960s, the Paris Planning Department launched a large-scale planning transformation for the Paris region. It is stipulated that there is no longer increasing the residential density of the urban area to move out of the central area, and in the large Paris area, along the Sena River, the band-like cities are formed. Planning breaks a single central model, building a satellite city center represented by Ladfens, attracting a large number of industrial, financial and population moved over the central area.

The development and population migration of satellite city spawned to demand for large residential buildings around Paris. The author Benard Mal is written in the book of “Paris City History”. In 1958, the priority urbanization (ZUP) government promulgated, which stipulated that the land specifically used to build a residential, and must be started Prior planning the infrastructure necessary for future residents. By 1969, there were 12 priority urbanization districts and hundreds of residential communities in the Paris region, with 300,000 housing. Soon, this emphasis on the number of houses and non-quality exposed many drawbacks, and the boom of building large residential communities is getting micro. Even so, a lot of innovative residential projects are still born this period.

French Economics and Finance, Paul Shemeov and Borhawvoro, 1982-1988

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Leney Gusi and Lets Leno Di, Central City Reconstruction Project, Yafri, Seine, 1969-1982, Paris, Pompidu Center, France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center

The exhibition brings these experimental projects into the vision of the audience. Among them, Paul Shemedov’s Salitham House, let the Fire Station of Liroti show barbarism aesthetics; Emir Abth’s “Abad Building”, Edward Menx’s “single immigration The “Star City” and the “Star City” of Alexy Josic and others, and the “Star Building” such as Le Nodi and the demand of the residents of “Star Building”. Departure, in the form of a variety of forms and diversified functions.

John Otto von Sprieclon, Paul Andrew and Peter Rice, Rad Fenz, Pitto, 1982-1989; Paris, Pompidu Center, France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center

The Radfens Gate is a symbol of this Paris satellite city, or it can be seen as a “monument” in the Planning transformation of the Big Paris region. The exhibition “Paris Building” exhibited the model of “big arch” and a photo, which is located at the end of the Western side of Paris, opened in the 200th anniversary of the French revolution, and is far away from the old Triumphon. This is a Arc de Triomphe belongs to the 20th century. The building uses a reinforced concrete frame, and the outer surface covers the marble of Karala with Italy. In order to adjust the empty feelings brought by its large scale, architects designed a slim flaws in a tent, let the whole space are more close to others.

In the 21st century, “Big Paris” has a new development. In 2007, Ren French President Sarkozy first proposed Paris Métro Pole to cover Paris and its surrounding towns. In 2009, the Grand Paris Express announced, as part of the Metropolitan Development Plan, this land network is 200 kilometers, surrounded by Paris, including 6 routes, is expected to be open from 2024 to 2030. Will connect to the suburbs of Paris, including important airports in Paris, and surround the urban area. For architects, this plan will undoubtedly produce new opportunities.

As the “Opportunity Land”, Paris is not only a “white paper” waiting to be filled out, more when the designers face the land of their own history. With the changes in urban spatial function, urgent reconstruction is integrated with past, becoming the focus of their thinking.

In history, there is a significant difference in the functional structure and development level in Paris. Since the Industrial Revolution, Paris Dong District has been in the traditional industrial gathering area, and the level of urbanization has been behind the western region. After the economic structure adjustment in the 1970s, the eastern region of the traditional industry has emerged in the industrial and railway waste land, facing serious problems such as the deterioration of residential conditions, urban landscape failure; on the other hand, it is sitting in the landscape of Senna, and Since the 19th century, they act as the Paris port and warehouse, which make the eastern part of Paris become the focus of urban updates.

Bernard Mineri, Raivret Park, Paris, 1982-1998; Paris, Pompidu Center, France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center

In the 1980s, the new urbanization plan in Paris focused on the renewal of the eastern part of Paris, and proposed the need to create green space, and envisaged industrial and railway land use. The Parc de la Villette is an example. This park is transformed from the waste slaughterhouse. It is one of the large projects initiated by French President François Mitter in 1982. Swiss architect Bernard Miner was appointed as the chief designer of the park, he created a red patch called “playground”, bringing popularity and vitality for this area occupied by the scientific industrial city. Since then, many important geographic locations in the city of Paris have been investing in the Arab World Research Center, the Shariei Stadium, the French National Library and other large projects integrate the scenery of the Senna River into landmark design; social housing projects have also been obtained in the eastern part of Paris. Development.

Lunzo Piao and Richard Rogers, George Pompidu National Art and Cultural Center, Paris, 1971-1977, Paris, Pompidu Center, France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center

The “Great Engineering” of Miterrand witnessed a number of foreign architects in Paris, in the exhibition, can see the list of long international architects, and this boom of the construction from the international competition is from The design of the Pompidu Center is beginning. In December 1969, when the French President George Pompidu announced that it was decided to establish an art center in Paris and held an international competition. In 1970, the Italian team consisting of Lunzo Piao and Richard Rogers-British architects became a winner. The high-tech architectural features displayed in the center of Pompidu Center have been proud of today, and how much apart from the time. Paris people think that it is inconsistent with the traditional landscape of the city, but it needs to be pointed out that this foreign architecture has retained some of the air land of the pastoral square in their subversive solution, known as “the breathing of the city”, may also mean New and old, migrants and local localization.

Dialogue | Olivier Sankalbur and Zejina Pu Ajing

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Cecreach, Pompidu Center France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center, Architectural Design, Museum, Olivier Cinqualbre

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Assistant Cecrection, Zeneps, Aygün

湃 News: How to understand the concept of “Greater Paris”, how is this concept reflected in the exhibition?

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing:

The works in the Tibet of the Pompidu Center and the exhibits that make up the exhibition are located in Paris and their neighboring regions. We used the concept of “Big Paris” in today’s concept of urban development prospects. The new city project currently in the collection does not appear in this exhibition because they belong to another special context. Although large facilities are mainly located in the capital, smaller projects are distributed in different places, and there is no level relationship between them.

湃 News: The expansion of the city often leads to many problems, which are summarized as “urban spread”, the city planning of Paris is known, what experience can you bring to other places in urban expansion?

Other sight, the city spreads the expansion of the new city, while Paris and its suburbs are characterized by high density: whether it is the density on the island of Paris, whether it is a large-scale residential area in the 1960s. It is also an update to the city center in the suburb in the 1970s. After breakthrough and the era of the exhibition, after experiencing the urbanization of the car and highways, today’s urbanization is to seek a broader motor, smaller the environment. Now, it is a line of public transportation constitutes a space.

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Charles David Airport Terminal 2, Paul Andrew, 1969-2003

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

湃 News: We have seen in the exhibition that Paris’s architectural landscape has a large part of the works of the international architect, and at the same time, the city maintains its own identity. Shanghai also has a large number of international architects. In your opinion, how can the city reach internationalization?

The architectural landscape of Paris is not an intervention of international architects. This is related to some specific periods, the most representative is the international competition around the center of the Pompidu, and the foreign architects pulls the top. Since then, a series of “great projects” initiated by the former President François Mittrand have brought life for architectural creation, unexpectedly encouraged foreign architects to Paris, and participated in the city’s updates.

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

A city’s internationality can be independent of the contribution of foreign architects, because there are still many other factors. Whether it is French native or foreign architects, the quality of these works makes them “Paris” and continues to enrich their international business cards for this city. Even the architects in France and other countries work in a variety of countries and cities, the consumption of the environment and the historical characteristics of the city will make these practices diversified without copying standardized international image.

American Cultural Center (now French Film Data), Frank Owen · Garden, 1988-1993

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Paris Philharmonic Hall, Let Nuville, 2006-2015

湃 News: Like Paris, Shanghai is both an international city and has its own history. How can historical and development How to coexist in the city?

In the 1960s and 1970s, Paris experienced urban intervention and operations against the old city: the layout of the road was destroyed because of the demolition of the building, and some projects had the size of the streets. In the 1970s, a construction movement mainly affected by Italy has renewed the old city, and its proposal is based on the inclusion of historical income.

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing:

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing:

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing:

湃 News: Review over 70 years, what major building booms have happened in Paris? As the “Opportunity of Opportunities, Paris has left what opportunities for today’s new generation architect?

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing:

After the war, the practice of Paris and the surrounding area reflects the constructive and aesthetic thoughts at the time. Modern buildings have finally found a place in the entrusted. This modern thinking may contain less orthodox research. The construction technique is dominated by the use of concrete, but some innovative projects promote metal use, such as the first skyscraper in Paris, Idouard Albert, and of course there is a persons. The outdoor facade of the whole glass is no longer the privilege of the office building:, for example, Pluwe’s research in the emerging industry and technology center (CNIT), and the structural glass of Peter Rice. From barbarism to postmodern movement, from deconstruction to new modernism, in time in time, people’s aesthetics are constantly evolving, and there are many personalized style.

The challenge of a new generation of architects lies in the appointment of the suburbs of Paris: Whether it is related to the construction of the Big Paris Subway Network, the residential project, or a large project such as Paris-Sacre University.

Crule Barbo Building, Edward Albert, 1957-1960

Dominic Pelo, French National Library, Paris, 1989-1995, Paris, Pompidu Center, France National Modern Art Museum – Industrial Design Center

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

湃 News: Back to the exhibition, the exhibits come from the architectural collection of Pompidu Center in Paris. What is the process of Puff Puffu for architectural collection compared to general art collection? What kind of standard do you have? How to choose the work that can represent the collection for this exhibition in Shanghai?

For this exhibition, we prefer the project we believe that the nearest non-professional public, they can understand what the creation of a architect is made by the exhibition.

Our collection principle is to choose the most important project we think that the most innovative architects in their respective times. Choose the design process that focuses on by the drawings and models. This process is both completed, and there are unfinished projects, the latter also has its own position in our collection. Our architectural collection was found in 1914, covering until all years of recent years, our interpretation of historical literature also makes the choice of collections easier. In the present stage, the work of the work is hidden to a certain extent, which is based on the expectation of the project.

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Exhibition “Paris Construction (1948-2020): The testimony of the city process will be extended to February 20, 2022.

Editor in charge: Lu Linhan

Author: Zhang Yan

专访|“巴黎建筑”策展人:什么样的城市是好的城市

Olivier Sankarbur and Zejina Pu Aijing: