Standard brush grip method and stroke pose (graphic brush method graphic graphic)
Qiming Press: Many bookmates may have such questions, exactly
Method of standard brush grip
What is it?
The strokes of the brush
What are the ones? Today, Qiming will
Method of a brush with a brush
The knowledge of the side is organized for your reference. I hope that after reading it, you will no longer have any questions about the correct way to grip the brush.
The full text is as follows:
Since ancient times, the method of holding a brush can be said to have everything. According to the late famous calligrapher Sha Menghai, Mr. Sha Menghai’s writer’s writing posture tests that the ancients wrote a brush word with a three -finger writing method. (Qiming Press: The method of holding a brush of ancient people can refer to the article “How did the ancients take a brush in the ancient man? (Attached Wang Xizhi’s writing and the writing method)”)
Three -finger writing method
Because at that time, everyone sat on the ground, and some kneeling kneeling with both knees, sitting on the kneeling legs. At that time, there were no benches or tables, only machines such as coffee tables, because the machine was very low, the hands had to be suspended when writing. This method has been passed to Japan, and it has been following.
From the picture above, we can see the method of holding a writing brush by the Japanese, which is probably the method of grip pen of ancient Chinese people.
By the end of the table and chair bench, the living habits have also changed, and the writing method has also become a five -grid writing method.
Su Dongpo, a big book scholar in the Song Dynasty, still wrote three fingers. At that time, some people pointed out that he was wrong to write, but he said that “writing without a solid method, to make it wide and wide”, that is, there is no standard method for writing. Facial.
Another example is holding the management method, grab the writing of the pen with the palm of the hand.
Signing pipe writing method. [Eastern Han] “Cangjie” (partial)
The tube method is to put the fingertips of the five fingers together and write the tail of the pen.
The method of holding the pen in the red wire frame in the figure is the management method
There are many ways to write in the ancients, but the most widely used. It can also be said that the five -finger writing method is generally accepted “press, press, hook, top, and resist”.
One, five finger writing methods
“Five -finger writing method ‘is to use the five fingers of the right hand to come in handy, and use the method of” pressing, pressing, hooking, top, and resistance “to stabilize the pen, so that the fingers will perform their duties.
The two pictures above show the five -finger writing method
The specific method of grip is:
The inside of the thumb’s first book holds the side of the pen, and the thumb is in a slightly horizontal state.
The first section of the index finger is pressed from the outside to the inside.
The middle finger is next to the index finger and hooks the pen.
The ring finger is close to the middle finger, and the bottom of the first section of the nails is close to the index finger and the middle finger is pressed inside.
The little finger arrived at the inner lower side of the ring finger and helped a little. In this way, the five fingers are uniformly surrounded by the three sides of the pen to fix the pen and the palm of the palm.
It is also a five -finger writing method, and various forms are formed by the openness and handling of the hand, the stroke at the fingertips or the second joint of the fingers. “Wait for the different situations of writing five fingers.
The diagram of the five -finger handiches is as follows:
Second, pillow wrist, hanging wrist and elbow
1. Pillow wrist
The pillow wrist is a method of writing the wrist pillow on the desktop or leaning on the back of the left hand. There are also bamboo slices called “arm rest” to put their hands. It is generally used in summer. Because summer is easy to sweat, the sweat on your hand is easy to tide paper.
Bockets, as the name suggests, are used to put their arms.
Write a brush word with the pillow wrist method. Because the wrist is stable on the table, it is suitable for writing a small case or a one -inch of the middle case, but it is also difficult to move because of the wrist. If you write bigger words, you need to write with a hanging bowl.
2. Hanging wrist
Hanging the wrist, that is, hang the wrist in the air. (Note that the elbow still does not leave the desktop)
The hanging wrist is hanging on the wrist and leaves the desktop. The elbow (zhou, the upper arm connected to the forearm, the protruding and active part) is still on the table. In this method, the range of wrist movements is larger than the pillow wrist method. The arm and elbow joints are still on the table. It is still relatively stable. If you write a couplet or a big word, you must write it with the elbow hanging method.
3. Hanging elbow
Hanging elbow is to hang the wrist and elbow in the air like a writer in the picture.
Hanging elbow is the way to write a brush word for writing the arm. This method is because the arm does not lean on the table. There is no hindrance. It can be sprinkled arbitrarily. It is suitable for writing big characters or small characters. It is the best way to write and it is also a method commonly used by calligraphers. The big calligrapher of the Song Dynasty, Miti, was written by the elbow hanging in the case. It can be seen how deep his skills are. Of course, no need to do this.
We practice brush characters. During the starting stage, because of the performance of the brush, I am not familiar with the performance of the brush. You can first write the two or three -inch regular script with a hanging wrist. Slowly listening to the call, you can use the elbow hanging method to practice. (Qiming Press: When Qi Ming was studying with the teacher, he got up directly with the elbow, and it felt like it was not tasted).
As shown in the figure above, when Qi Ming learned from the teacher, he stood directly with the elbow to write, and the words written about fifteen centimeters were seen.
Of course, suddenly all the arms were suspended, and there was a certain difficulty when it came up. The hand would be sore and painful. As long as you persist, it will solve it. It’s almost a week, and it will be slow for a month. If you are afraid of pain at the beginning, or when you look at the written wrist, you still have a good time when the wrist of the pillow, and you still put your arm back to the desktop.
Third, the height and tightness of writing
The height of writing refers to the distance between the fingers (unknown) and the pen. The distance is high. On the contrary, the distance is low.
For writing high and low, please refer to the figure above
High -grade, holding your hand in the middle or tail of the pen, move your wrist or fingers a point when writing, and the pen will move one inch on the paper. It is easy to have an unexpected effect. This method is conducive to writing books and cursive script. However, due to the high writing, the distance passed to the tip of the pen is far away, and the strokes are easy to slip.
On the contrary, the writing is low, the brushwork is easy to reach the pen tip, and the pen circle is relatively stable, which is conducive to writing script, Lishu, and regular script. Of course, this is not absolute. Mr. Lin Sanzhi’s cursive script is still low. He does not rely on the movement of his fingers to obtain the cursive knot out of expectations. The strokes are calm and happy.
This picture shows Mr. Lin Sanzhi’s writing, which shows that Mr. Lin Sanzhi is relatively low.
Beginners practice Zhengkai, and should write a little bit (about 1 inches from the root of the pen), so that the strokes can be stable. When writing is high, the change is large, it is not easy to master the regular script.
There is also the problem of elasticity of writing. If you are too tight, your hands will tremble and your fingers are painful. If you are too loose, you do n’t need it at all, and your pen will fall. For beginners, I have never taken a brush, and my psychology is relatively tight, so I can relax properly. Of course, writing is not unable to force it. The ancients said that “power at the pen tip” is to pass the strength through the hand to pass to the pen tip and not stay on the arms or fingers. Writing is ingenious instead of dead force. Qiaoli comes from long -term practice. This is like riding a bicycle. It can ride, and it is natural to become natural. If you can’t feel that you are working hard, you can write freely.
Here, Qiming is quoted a discussion about writing tightly on Daniel FC:
Many friends have heard of words such as “Paper Paper” and “Three points into the wood” before learning to write. So they entered first, and naturally thought that when writing, they should hold the pen and grasp the pen. Because the pen is too hard, it will not be flexible enough to write a word. This misunderstanding was very poisonous, and the famous calligraphers in the Eastern Jin Dynasty were hacked.
When Wang Xianzhi was young, he learned from his father (Wang Xizhi), followed by Zhang Zhi. It is said that Xizhi once pulled his pen from the back, tested his brushwork, and sighed: “After this child, he has a big name!” It can be seen that Wang Xizhi had high hopes for him long ago. This kind of ridiculous statement is actually originally recorded! The secrets of the secret can not be written from the back. —— “The Biography of the Fifty Wang Xian in the Biography of Jin Biography”
In fact, friends who have studied junior high school physics should know that when the fingers hold the pen, the stroke provides only the pressure on the pen tube. In the direction of the paper on the paper, this pressure only affects the maximum static friction of the finger to the pen to the pen. force. The static friction of the pen is enough to offset each other as long as the gravity of the pen and the elastic force facing the pen. No matter how people hold the pen, it will not affect the stress of this vertical surface.
Simply put, as long as the hand can hold the pen, it is impossible to affect the brush of the pen. Instead, it will affect the movement of the pen. The more loosening the pen, the more the characters are alive.
Fourth, transport fingers, wrists and elbow transportation
Writing a brush word is done with the coordination of fingers, wrists or elbows. Purely uses the fingers to complete the writing of “Yun Finger”. The wrist’s movement is called “Yun Wan” written by the wrist. The coordination of the arms and elbows completes the strokes and writing.
When writing a small or inch (a regular script of the regular script), the wrist (holding the active parts connected to the bottom of the arms) on the table, the thumb and index finger of holding the pen are obliquely standing beside the pen, and the palms are as vertical as possible as much as possible. From the back of the back and the desktop, the angle of 70 degrees or 80 degrees. The ancients called it “flat palm vertical”. Phoenix Eye “.
Pillow wrist schematic diagram
Write a big word of two or three inch seeing the square, you can’t write it with the pillow wrist method. The range of one finger moves is very small, and you can’t write the big case. It should be written by the wrist method. The wrist method must be suspended, the palms are naturally relaxed, and the back of the hand and the desktop is about 45 degrees. If you write a larger word, you can use the cloak of the elbow pillow on the table to write a vertical drawing. Therefore, when writing a big word, the arm must be suspended. Even if it is a big case with two or three inch -seeing squares, it is quite beneficial to hang up the arm.
The big word of the fighting is not only suspended, but also stands up and writes. At this time, the handwriting hand is also relaxed smoothly. The back and arm of the hand and arms are plane, which is parallel to the desktop. The ancients called it “flat -cover”. At this time, the wrist is completely let go, and you can move freely and flexibly. When writing big characters, the elbow and the wrist are combined.
Except for small cases, we do not agree with the use of fingerprints to write brush characters. Some people practice the elbow to write a big case. Although the arms and wrists are hanging, they are still in a state of static and deadly. When writing, they are done with the fingers of their fingers, and the pen rod is dumped very seriously. This loses the meaning of hanging elbow. Hanging elbows should be as little as possible, and the movement of the wrist and elbow should be the main.
It is worth mentioning that the pen is not necessarily vertical on the paper. During the writing process, the pen can be used as a slightly natural side, but the amplitude must be small. Generally, the pen poles should be maintained vertically when writing regular script.
“Practical Patch” brush washing method and use of brush use maintenance