On September 23-24, the United Nations Food Summit was held in video. Tang Renjian, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, led the Chinese delegation to attend and spoke to share the achievements and experiences of Chinese food and agricultural development, and expressed his opinions on deepening international cooperation in agricultural agricultural.
This year is the first year of the implementation of food safety party and government responsibility.
As one of the country’s largest main food sales areas, Guangdong also tries everything to tap the potential of food area.
In 2021, the yield of early rice in Guangdong was 407.0 kg, with a total output of 5.2415 million tons. The production was the highest in the past 22 years, and the total production was hit for nearly 16 years. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs reported and praised the six provincial -level agricultural and rural departments with outstanding results in early rice production. Guangdong ranked among them and was only among the first -tier economy provinces and cities.
Guangdong Silk Miao Mi Harvest Scenery.
The “Guangdong Food” is stabilized, and the “Guangdong Rice Bowl” has been firmly marked with high -quality rice brands at home and abroad, making bigger and stronger “Guangdong Silk Miao Rice” industry, and has become the best choice.
Nanyue Hao Mi Name “silk seedlings”
The term “silk seedlings” originated from Zengcheng, Guangzhou, used to describe a woman with a graceful figure. The local producing slender crystal and aroma rice must be called “silk seedlings”. Gradually,
Silk seedlings have become synonymous with Guangdong Haomi.
Sleeid, crystal -clear Guangdong silk seedlings.
“When I just went to work in the agricultural department of Zengcheng in 1970, I knew that there was a local ‘silk seedlings’ variety, and 8.5 million kilograms were supplied to Hong Kong each year.” Said Song Donghai, former deputy director of the urban agricultural technology promotion center.
Song Donghai has been visiting and collecting sorting information for more than 40 years, and finally traced back to the source of Zengcheng silk seedlings in 2014. In the Ming Dynasty of the Ming Dynasty (1538), “Zengcheng County Chronicle” mentioned that those who are small and fragrant are “mouse tooth occupation”, which is the prototype of Zengcheng silk seedlings. Historical records, Qing Jiaqing silk seedlings were included in the tribute. There are places to check the earliest planting silk seedlings in Baishui Mountain, Zhucun, Zengcheng, Guangzhou.
Song Donghai. Correspondent/Interviewee Zengcheng Daily Photo Confer
At that time, Guangdong Sima Mi was mainly sold in more than 20 countries and regions including Hong Kong, Macao, Singapore, Malaysia, and the United States. It was the main commodity for Guangdong to earn foreign exchange. In the 1970s, due to the needs of export trade, the government implemented a reward policy for the acquisition of high -quality valleys (including silk seedlings). Taking Zengcheng silk seedlings as an example, when the public grain was delivered, the 100 -pound Zengcheng Sisi Miao Valley was calculated based on the ordinary rice of 130 cities.
Although there are more places in Guangdong, the province has an per capita arable land area of 0.4 acres, and the grain self -sufficiency rate is only 30%. However, under the tradition of fine cultivation, the grain production capacity is still strong. 20%. In 2020, Guangdong’s grain planting area was 3.30.75 million mu, ranking 21st in the country; output was 12.676 million tons, ranking 19th in the country; grain per mu production was 383.3 kg, ranking 15th in the country, with planting area, total output, and perurica yield. increase.
At present, the Guangdong Provincial Department of Agricultural and Rural Affairs has identified 23 provincial -level silk Miao Mi Miramid Agricultural Industrial Park. These parks are the source of transportation of authentic Guangdong Sima Mi, and a number of industrial parks bear the function of grain reserve.
The industrial park covers the northwest of Guangdong and the Pearl River Delta. Taking the Silimi Industrial Park in Zengcheng District, Guangzhou as an example, it leads the implementation of Fang Song, chairman of Guangdong Youliang, Grain and Oil Industry Co., Ltd. , Grain emergency transportation enterprise.
Youliang Group’s silk seedling rice planting base in Zengcheng, Guangzhou. Correspondent/respondent Fang Song’s picture confession
Huizhou Longmen Rice is a national geographical indication protection product. In 2020, he was selected as the first batch of national specialty new agricultural products list. At present, the entire Longmen rice planting area is 265,500 mu, with an annual output of nearly 90,000 tons. As of 2020, Huizhou Silk Miao Miao The rice industrial park has a new rice galleries capacity of 2.11 million tons.
Hundred acres of rice field farmers in Huizhou Longmen Simi Mi Industrial Park.
In Jiangmen, Taishan Silk Miao Mi Modern Agricultural Industrial Park covers an area of 1.853 million mu, of which the planting area of silk seedlings is 436,500 mu and the output is 164,400 tons. It is known as “Guangdong No. 1 field”. The Guangdong Owa Rice Technology Co., Ltd. is about to set up a branch in Qianhai, Shenzhen to enrich the “rice bag” of the Guangdong -Hong Kong -Macao Greater Bay Area.
10,000 acres of rice fields in Duhuudu, Jiangmen.
Researcher Wang Feng, a researcher at the Institute of Rice of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, told reporters that
In 1966, the breeder of the institute cultivated the first short -straw high -quality rice variety “double bamboo occupation”, which is the “ancestor” of the high -quality silk seedlings of the short stalks today.
It is based on the first half -short stalk rice “square dwarf” and uses “Zhongzhu 2915” and “Tangzhu 1923”. After Shuangzhu occupied Jiangxi, it was selected and renamed “Jiangxi silk seedlings”. In addition, Guangxi, Anhui, Hunan and other provinces have also been planted.
Double bamboo occupation.
Today, Guangdong Silk Mi Mi is constantly “opening up and loose leaves.” Liao Weixiong, the role of “A Can” in the film and television drama “People in the Net”, Hong Kong film and television actor Liao Weixiong, returned to Robin City, Guangdong to start a business in 2000 to establish an organic planting base to produce silk seedlings.
The market success continues to this day.
It is generally believed that white rice is the best way to eat rice seedlings, delicate, flexible, and full of fragrance. In Taishan, the main silk rice production area in Guangdong, the production technology inheritance of Taishan Huangya rice has been inherited for a century. In 2019
“Coopon Rice” has become a Cantonese -style classic food, spreading all over and abroad at home and abroad
High quality quality
In rice breeding, high -quality and high yields are a pair of contradictions. Conventional rice is usually better, and hybrid rice is dominant in terms of output. Most of the traditional silk seedlings are conventional rice, with high quality but low yield. At present, the area of rice planting rice is more than 28 million acres. The annual output accounts for more than 80%of the total grain output. However, only 3 million acres are planted in Guangdong.
How to make high -quality silk seedlings and higher yields become the focus of many Guangdong breedingists’ scientific research.
Zhou Shaochuan, a researcher at the Institute of Rice Research of the Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, believes that the rice should be soft and hard, and the variety itself has a soft glue consistency, and at the same time has a medium -content straight starch. The most ideal range of medium straight starch content is 15%to 17%. Its team lasted 4 years and 8 years, and successfully introduced 1050 beneficial genes into Guangdong rice varieties.
Meixiang occupy No. 2
Meixiang accounted for No. 2’s straight starch content to the most ideal 16%to 17%, and the yield per mu was 365 kg, which was greatly improved compared to the traditional silk seedlings varieties. One step. Meixiang accounted for the fifth largest rice rice varieties in the southern my country in the past three years. It has become the largest rice variety in Guangdong for six consecutive years. It has grown in 2018 since 2018. It has reached 1.7 million acres in 2020. Leading varieties. According to reports, calculated at the output of 365 kg per mu, 65%of the rice rate, and the price of 12 yuan per kilogram of fine rice. Mika accounted for about 2850 yuan per mu 2, which is about doubled from ordinary rice varieties. “Acei Mi” is 100%Meixiang accounted for No. 2.
In addition to conventional rice, hybrid rice breeding is also an important means to solve the high -quality and high -yield contradictions in Guangdong’s silk seedlings.
Researchers led by Researcher Wang Feng of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Academy of Agricultural Sciences, research and utilization teams, will be cultivated in Taifeng A, Rongfeng A, Guangfu 998, Guangfu 1002 and other new combinations of high -quality high -quality disease resistance. 100 million acres.
Taifeng You 208.
Infertility is “Taifeng A”
It is widely used by peers at home and abroad. So far, 42 high -quality hybrid rice have been raised by the infertility system, and passed the national or provincial approval. Through the high -quality rice that is hybridized by “Taifeng A”, the purchase price of rice can be increased by at least 10 ~ 20 yuan per 50 kg, and producers can increase the output value of 100 to 200 yuan per acre. Effectively solve the problem of “high -yield and quality” hybrid rice. Wang Feng said that the appearance of “Taifeng A” provides more possibilities for cultivating high -yielded silk seedlings.
Among the newly identified Guangdong Simiao Rice varieties of Guangdong Simiao Rice Industry Alliance (hereinafter referred to as the alliance), there are also many hybrid rice, including Qingxiangyou 033, Qingxiangyou 19 incense, Qingxiangyou 99 Xiang, Hengfeng Youyou Oil Zhan, soft Huajin silk, Gengxiang Youli seedlings.
The first batch of Guangdong Siri Mi Mi.
The second batch of Guangdong Sima Mi is identified.
The third batch of varieties of Guangdong Simiao Mi.
According to Lin Qingshan, the chairman of the alliance, Qingxiangyou 19 Xiang 19 this year was built early in Xingning for more than 720㎏/mu, and Creation Siki Miao Mi Xiang rice high -yield record. Qingxiangyou 19 incense, Qingxiangyou 033, and Qingxiangyou 99 incense are generally produced about 500㎏ in Guangdong generally, an ivory fragrant of the same rice accounted for 150 to 250㎏, and farmers’ income of 600 to 1,000 yuan was increased.
Guangdong Xianmei Seedling Co., Ltd. is an agent of multiple Guangdong Silk Miao Mi varieties. Luo Zhexi, deputy general manager of the company, said that Qingxiangyou 033 and Qingxiangyou 19 fragrant rice seedlings have their own characteristics, which have solved the traditional Silk seedlings have low output and poor resistance, and have the aroma of Thai jasmine rice and traditional silk seedlings. The price of the “dual incense” variety can even reach more than 20 yuan per catty.
It can be said that “high quality” is a standard, and “high yield” is a pursuit.
Guangdong is one of the origin of Asian cultivation rice, and it is also an important source of China’s rice reform.
As a strong province of rice breeding, Guangdong dwarf breeding, super rice breeding, and high -quality rice breeding are at the forefront of the country.
As of now, there are 22 super rice varieties that are nurtured by Guangdong and confirmed by the Ministry of Agriculture, ranking before the country; Guangdong’s proportion of high -quality rice varieties with a standard of high -quality rice in the national standard of 3 or higher in Guangdong is 74%, and the country is first.
In recent years, the high -quality breeding of the southern rice rice has accelerated. Guangdong’s silk seedlings are one of the representatives of the high -quality breeding results of my country’s rice rice. Therefore, there is a saying in the industry that “the world rice is looking at China, and the Chinese rice seedlings look at the silk seedlings”.
Guangdong Simiao Rice Industry Alliance. Correspondent/interviewee picture confession
On July 16, Guangdong held a press conference to interpret the recently issued “The Guangdong People’s Government of the Guangdong Commission of the Communist Party of China to comprehensively promote the implementation of rural revitalization and accelerate the modernization of agricultural and rural areas”, and clarify the “two bottom lines” that Guangdong needs to keep. One of them is to keep the bottom line of food safety.
Guangdong’s “Fourteenth Five -Year Plan” and the long -view target outline of 2035 should be proposed to implement the “Nanyue Grain and Animal Project” in depth, build 13.6 million acres of food production function zones, build a number of green high -quality high -quality silk seedlings demonstration bases to create silk seedlings to build silk seedlings Mi advantageous industry band. In 2021, the area of rice planting in Guangdong is stable at more than 26 million mu, and the output remains above 12 million tons.
Promote planting by selling well
Comparison with rice, Guangdong silk seedlings are not lost at the same stage as imported rice. However, the foundation of traditional silk seedlings is not solid. At the same time, there are not many large -scale rice production enterprises in Guangdong. Even enterprises with more than 10,000 tons of prestigious product companies in the provincial brand -brand product companies are less than 1/3. Among the Northeast Harbin Rice Enterprises, there are 13 processing capabilities of more than 300,000 tons, and 483 processing capacity of about 100,000 tons. Most of the public brands in the rice region in my country come from the north, and the variety basis is japonica rice.
“Great rice is weak” has become a reality. Guangdong’s scientific research advantages have not been transformed into industrial advantages and quality advantages have not been transformed into benefits. It is necessary to strengthen the building of brand value to enhance industrial value.
In 2014, “China 2 on the Tongue 2” has a sentence, “This is the best rice in China”, which shows how red the five Chang rice is. In 1993, Tian Yongtai, the head of the Agricultural Technology Promotion Station of Longfengshan Township, Wuchang City, Heilongjiang Province, discovered that when the variety was mature, the wind blowing the rice fields would float the fragrance of scent, so it was named “rice flower fragrance”. Daohua Xiang No. 2 is the core variety of Wanmang Rice brand. The texture of Wuchang rice is hard, the color is innocent and transparent, the amount of oil is oil, and the aroma is strong. The quality standard of Wuchang rice is gradient, and GB1354 is the national compulsory standard; GB/T19266 is the national recommendation standard and national geographical standards, which represents the best quality.
Rice flower fragrant rice
On the road of litting the five -Chang rice business card, the Wuchang City Government is one of the most important promoters. Since 2017, the value of Wuchang rice brand has increased for 4 consecutive years, reaching 69.86 billion yuan in 2020, maintaining the number one in the country in the country.
Wuchang rice granules are full, with hard texture, which is significantly different from Guangdong’s silk seedlings.
“There are five cosmetics in the north”
, A big girl like a bodybuilding, a lady like a sloppy south, is now working hard. In 2018, the corporate institutions of the rice industry scientific research, technology promotion, and production and operation were organized in Guangdong. Family. Silk seedlings are good rice, but not all good rice can be called “Guangdong silk seedlings”. At present, the Alliance and the Institute of Rice of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangdong Agricultural Technology Promotion Station, Guangdong Rural Property Exchange and other units have been identified
16 varieties of Guangdong silk seedlings.
The most worth mentioning high -quality rice in the world is Thai rice. Although its export volume has declined in recent years, the export volume in July this year has fallen and lags behind India and Vietnam. Historically, the Thai Jasmine Rice has won the “best rice in the world” in six times. Tang Xiangru, director of the rice research office of South China Agricultural University, introduced whether rice has a aroma as an important selling point and has high economic value. The price of fragrant rice is 2 to 3 times higher than that of ordinary rice. In the approval standards of the Guangdong Silk Miramid, fragrance has become a necessary condition. In 2018, the alliance released the standard of Guangdong silk seeds: thousands of grains ≤21g, brown rice length and width ≥3.5, (or thousands of grains ≤23g, brown rice length and width ≥4) brown rice grains ≥6.5mm, white grain rate ≤20% , The whiteness ≤3%, the consistency of glue ≥ 60mm, the transparency ≤ 2, and the direct starch content of 13%to 19%, with fragrance. It can be called “Guangdong Silk Mi Mi”.
Guangdong Silk Mi Mi variety standards.
At present, the Guangdong brand rice products are basically the main sales of the province. Silk seedlings are positioned in mid -to -high -end consumer groups. Citizens can afford it, and the industry has benefits. The premise is that the high -yield and high -quality silk seedlings varieties are selected.
Meixiang occupy No. 2
Lin Qingshan introduced that the conventional rice “19 incense”, hybrid rice “Qingxiang You 19 incense”, “Qingxiang You 033”, “Qingxiang You 99 Fragrant” and other varieties. 500kg, according to the current purchase price of 4 yuan/㎏, farmers’ output value per mu of 1600 to 2000 yuan, minusing production costs about 1,000 yuan, and income of 500 to 1,000 yuan per acre. The processing enterprise is calculated at 50%of the finished product, the cost of 1 catties of rice is about 4 yuan, and the wholesale of 5-6 yuan/jin is beneficial. City residents consume rice 0.5 to 0.7 catties. If it is calculated at 10 yuan/catties of rice, each person is only about 5 yuan a day, that is, 1-2 yuan per person per meal. There is still a profit space for 5-6 yuan per catty. “Therefore, high -end silk seedlings must be priced at 10 yuan/jin or more to make money to make money.” The alliance has reviewed and approved the “Administrative Measures for the use of Guangdong Silk Miao Mi Trademark” and “Guangdong Silk Miao Mi Brand Management Measures”, and it has been in Anhui Established a Silk Mi Mi League branch center, and the branch center of Hunan and Jiangxi is also preparing. “Sorting out a variety and quality ‘Guangdong identity’ in other provinces will help drive the surrounding and provide food reserves for Guangdong.” Lin Qingshan said.
Hema Xiansheng keeps in touch with the government agricultural department, scientific research institutes, etc., and the varieties are selected to quickly invest in the project. Jie Ye, the person in charge of Hema’s own brand rice procurement, told reporters that at present, Hema, Guangdong has established its own rice brand base in Shaoguan City. Maga oil sticky rice is selected. “I want to find a more delicious southern rice for consumers in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. This variety is the result of asking consumers blind testing.” Mine wild believes that the quality of rice is controlled to a certain extent to create a brand to create a brand Use the brand as the quality endorsement, so as to connect the source, origin, supply chain, and sales channels.
Lin Qingshan said,
The provincial public brand of “Guangdong Silk Mi Mi” is launched, the main body of the market is activated, and the leading enterprises are cultivated. The government requires the government as a two -wheel drive of market innovation, and transforms multiple “advantages” into an efficiency advantage.
Gu Xingwei, the head of the Guangdong Agriculture and Rural Hall, said in public, “
Promote food production by selling the level of production.
The success of Guangdong pineapple and Guangdong lychee in marketing is a set of experience and practices that can be used.
On September 19, the 2021 Guangdong Sima Mi Culture Festival was held in Guangzhou. The content includes: issuing Guangdong’s grain -benefiting farmers’ policy, launching the construction of the standard system of the Guangdong Silk Miao Mi Full Industry Chain, selecting the first batch of silk seedlings brand demonstration bases, starting the selection of the “Six Good Rice Fields” in Guangdong Boutique leisure routes, etc. The “double festival” of government -enterprise studies and research borrowing the harvest festival and the Mid -Autumn Festival to promote the city to promote the market and promote the production of the city, which sounds the angle that enhances the influence of Guangdong’s silk Miao Mi brand.
【Planning】 Mai Qianming
[Coordinated] Li Xiaofen Ye Xiangling
[Reporter] Zhao Qixu and Zhang Zhihong
【Source】 South China Rural Report