“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Hua Mujun

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Friends who like flowers often see a plant in the market, with bright colors and strange flowers. The flowers and lips are like a pocket, and they are like a small cup. They are very attractive, which is commonly known as “slippers”. Slipper Lan has not received much attention in China, but it is very famous abroad. Many people in Europe and the United States and Japan like this plant variety. They often have a pot of tea, placed a coffee table table, and take care of it.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Slipper orchid scientific name

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Roll orchid

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

(Cypripedium Corrugatum.), Belonging to Lanko Dragon, a perennial herb. The stem is extremely short, the leaves are leather, close -up, with a long or long circular lanceolate, green or reddish -brown marks. The flowers were pulled out of the leaf bushes, the flower shape was peculiar, the petals were thicker, and the lips were pocket. The back is extremely developed and has a variety of gorgeous patterns. Two sides of the side are together. The shape of the stamen column is different from the ordinary orchids. The two flower medicines are born on both sides of the stamen.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Most of them are earthy species, and there are many hybrids. A small number of attachments are attached to rock trees. The plants are short and the flowers are peculiar. The most suitable potted plants. It is one of the earliest and most popular orchids in the world. Under the forest. There are about 66 species in the world that are found in the world. There are 18 species known in China in China. They are mainly distributed in southwest and South China.

The dumplings are long, usually more than one month, some can be opened for 6 to 8 weeks, and there are flowers in all seasons. Most of the warm spots varieties, etc. are mostly blooming in summer and autumn. Blooming in spring.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

The leaves of the orchids are short, the leaves are thick and waxy, and the other belongs to Lanke, such as the country, do not have more appreciation, but the pocket orchids are beautiful and strangely flower -shaped. However, many flower buddies report that Pand Olan is very difficult to raise, and death often occurs, either rarely blooms.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Soil quality.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Dragon has strict requirements on the soil quality, thinking that it is acidic soil. Potting soil is prepared by rotten soil, peat soil, snake wood chips, volcanic stones, etc. According to the ratio of 4: 1: 1 A layer of charcoal or broken brick tile particles, the thickness of the cushion is about 1/3 of the pot depth. This can maintain good breathability and have better water absorption and drainage capacity, which can meet the requirements of plant root system growth.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Watering.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

The origin of the Ororana was a warm and humid climate, and it rarely drought a year. Therefore, it created a humid environment in Handlan, but it must not accumulate water! There is no pseudochroma in pocket orchids, and the anti -drought ability is poor. Therefore, when the potted art is raised, it should be kept humid in the pot. Old water and air exclude. In addition to the full watering of the roots during watering, leaf surface spraying should also be performed to increase humidity, which can better promote the growth of new buds. The water control should be properly controlled in the autumn and rain seasons, and the water should be given in moderation depending on the dryness of the surface of the planting material.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

illumination.

The orchid is a negative plant. The pocket orchid is warm, humid and semi -shade. The growing temperature of the green leaf varieties is 12 ~ 18 ° C, the growth temperature of the spots of the spots is 15 ~ 25 ° C. The maximum temperature that can be tolerated is about 30 ° C, and the wintering temperature should be about 10 ~ 15 ° C. During the growth process, the requirements for light for light are not exactly the same. Therefore, management is more complicated. Spring and autumn can be light throughout the day, but it cannot be strong light. The shielding rate is 50%. The light is seen in the morning and evening in midsummer. The shading rate is more than 70%at noon. The sunlight must be sufficient in winter. In short, avoid direct light.

ventilation.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Pocket Orchids must be placed in a ventilation position. Ventilation is used to regulate temperature and humidity. It can also strengthen air convection, reduce the breeding of bacteria, and prevent fungal infection. However, the humidity is reduced due to ventilation, the leaves are dry, the yellow is yellowed, and the withering and falling off, which directly affects flowering.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Fertilization.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Fertilizer is a necessary nutrition for flowers to grow, and thin fertilizer is also the principle of non -breaking flowers. Pot or blue can apply fertilizer in spring and autumn, and try not to fertilize in summer and winter. Fertilization is usually once every half a month. It is better to control the rotten bean cake and sauce, and the concentration is controlled at about 10%. After fertilization, the leaves are tender and green, which can continue to fertilize. If the leaves become yellow, it indicates that the root growth is not good, and fertilization should be stopped, otherwise rotten roots will occur. After fertilization, spray the leaves with water in time. If there is a slow -release fertilizer, it is best to place according to the instructions.

Breeding.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Drite is very small because of the seeds and incomplete embryos, and it is difficult to sow germination in conventional methods. Therefore, breeding is generally used for breeding. Because the roots of the pocket orchid are not much, you must be careful when the division. Do not damage the roots, cut it with sharpness, and then apply methyltoprin in the wound. Bowl. It should be placed in the dark within half a month after the basin, and the amount of watering is reduced, and leaf surface watering is often implemented to promote the growth of new roots. If you water too much during this time, you will delay your roots. This point should be paid special attention.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Pests and insect pests.

Refer to the prevention and control of Lanke plant diseases and insect pests.

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

2017.8.29

“拖鞋兰”的鉴赏与养护管理

Easy Flower

Appreciation and maintenance management of “slippers”